Let’s first start by explaining what joints are. Joints are defined as connections between our bones. They are providing support of our bodies and of course help us move.
A joint is every connection of two or more bones. Knees, hips, shoulders, ankles, are all parts of our bodies where joints are located.
One of the most common chronic pains is actually joint pain. Damage of any kind of our joints can cause short or long-term (chronic) joint pain. These pains can seriously affect our normal life.
They can limit our ability to complete every day’s tasks and responsibilities. Moving around the house or even getting out of bed can become two of the hardest things in the world for us.
Joint pains can differ in the levels of intensity. They may be very low in some people, but really painful and intense in others. No matter what your case is, you must find out the cause first and then treat it properly.
Most Common Causes
The first step toward recovery is finding out the source or the cause of your joint pain. Many different conditions can be the cause of joint pain. Therefore, do not make assumptions on your condition based on someone else’s.
Everyone is different and this is why it is so important to find out and understand what caused your joint pains. The main and most common cause of joint pain is arthritis in almost all its forms.
– Rheumatoid Arthritis
This is a disease that not only affects joints, but also muscles such as the lungs and the heart. It can cause swelling in joints, severe pain and stiffness. This disease is kind of symmetrical, which means that if you have rheumatoid arthritis on one knee, you probably have it in the other too. The pains from this disease might be present all the time, or come and go periodically. Rheumatoid arthritis can happen to anyone, although women are more likely to have it.
This is the most common form of arthritis and the biggest cause of joint pains. It can cause great damage on one or more joints. In people suffering from osteoarthritis, the cartilage (tissue that protects the joint) is starting to break down, so the bones start to rub against each other. This rubbing causes inflammation and that really hurts. Osteoarthritis usually appears in older people, but it is not surprising for a younger person either.
– Post-traumatic arthritis
This is a condition where the bone and the cartilage don’t heal properly. This can be caused by an injury of the joint.
– Avascular Necrosis
This condition is caused by not enough blood supply in the joints. Without this blood, the joint bone can become weak and damage the cartilage. This might happen after organ transplantations.
– Systemic lupus erythematosus
This is an autoimmune disorder that causes attacking of the healthy tissues. This disorder can affect skin and joints as well as other organs. The cause for this disorder is still not completely known. However, it is known that apart from other symptoms, joint and bone pains are also present.
Bursa is a sac filled with fluid that cushions the joint. Bursitis is actually the irritation and the swelling of that bursa. Bursitis often appears in the hips, shoulders, knees and elbows. The cause of it might be being overweight or even being too much active (such as hard training). The symptoms of bursitis are joint swelling, tenderness, stiffness, warmth or even redness.
A kind of arthritis which can cause joint inflammation. In people with gout, uric acid builds up in the blood and this causes the joint inflammation. These people have higher levels of uric acid in their bodies. When the uric acid is in the fluid around the joints, it becomes crystals. These crystals inflame the joints. Exactly what causes gout is unknown, but it’s said that it may be hereditary. Gout can be acute or chronic. If you suffer from acute gout, you probably have problems only with one joint. However, chronic gout usually affects more than one joint.
Apart from these few most common causes for joint pain, there are many other problems that may lead to having pain in the joints. These are not all diseases focused strictly and only on the joints, but they do cause pains in the joints. Some of them are:
– Ankylosing spondylitis
– Lyme disease
– Torn ligaments